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It's probably not updated to Olivia's's insane standards. Please check back soon and hopefully she got off her ass and fixed it.
The Council is an executive committee composed of one representative each from the member species. Though they have no official power over the independent governments of other species, the Council's decisions carry great weight throughout the galaxy. No single Council race is strong enough to defy the others, and all have a vested interest in compromise and cooperation.
Each of the Council species has general characteristics associated with the various aspects of governing the galaxy. The Asari are typically seen as diplomats and mediators. The Salarians gather scientific intelligence and information. The Turians provide strategic planning and management. The Humans provide logic and a more diverse outlook on aspects. The Krogan provide the bulk of the military and peacekeeping forces along with the Turians. The Quarians provide the communications and deep space exploration.
Any species granted an embassy on the Citadel is considered an associate member, bound by the accords of the Citadel Conventions. Associate members may bring issues to the attention of the Council, though they have no impact on their final decision.